Git stores its configuration in two places: a global configuration file and a config file inside a repository. On Linux systems, the global file is located at
and inside of a repository the config file is at
When first setting up git, you should set your name and email address. It is suggested that you do this globally so that all projects you create and clone won't need to be individually configured. Run these commands:
git config --global user.name "Firstname Lastname"
git config --global user.email "email@example.com"
It is also suggested that you enable the
option so that when you work on branches, you will not need to specify the
option when we pull and push. This also avoids the need to manually merge remote tracking branches with fetch and then merge. Also, you might need to specify the second setting so you can push back to origin correctly.
git config --global branch.autosetupmerge true
git config --global push.default matching
If you decide to colorize things, I feel that the default colors can be a bit hard to read. You might like these a bit more. Edit your
file and add these lines. If you look closely at that file, you'll see what the "
git config --global
" commands changed.
ui = true
branch = auto
interactive = auto
diff = auto
status = auto
current = yellow reverse
local = yellow
remote = green
meta = yellow bold
frag = magenta bold
old = red bold
new = green bold
added = yellow
changed = green
untracked = cyan
And now you have colors. Moreover, you now know how to edit your global git config file. The config file inside each repository can individually override anything in your global config, so if you need to commit as "Tyler Akins" most of the time, but you want to commit as "Reverend T. Akins" for a particular project, you can do that.
For more configuration options, perhaps take a peek at understanding aliases